First legislative session under Kamehameha IV passes act "to remodel the Department of Public Instruction" by abolishing office of Minister of Public Instruction and forming a Board of Education consisting of a president and two directors appointed by the king. The first Board of Education is headed by Prince Lot Kamehameha.
Robert C. Wyllie, Minister of Foreign Relations, makes first report under reign of Kamehameha IV.
William Pitt Leleiohoku, brother of future king David Kalakaua, is born.
High chief Paki, father of Bernice Pauahi, dies in Honolulu.
Frenchman Charles Varigny arrives with his family in Hawai'i where they live for 14 years. Varigny serves as an interpreter, secretary and acting French consul. In 1863, Kamehameha V appoints him minister for finance.
According to the Honolulu Polynesian
, a letter from New York City takes 35 days to arrive in Honolulu traveling via St. Blas and Mazatlan, and then various trading vessels.